Some Like It Hot
Get Healthy With HumpDay!
Happy HumpDay! You know how when you go on vacation you sometimes get a little homesick? Well, the HumpDay team went on vacation and came home sick. Been a rough week health wise but we have hit the turning point and finally got this weeks newsletter out! HumpDay continues to grow and more and more people continue to subscribe! Please continue sharing with friends, family and co-workers to help the HumpDay crew take it to the next level! As always, check out the HumpDay website here and read all of the issues of the HumpDay Newsletter.
TWO FREE AUDIOBOOKS FROM HUMPDAY!?!?
HumpDay is still partnered with Audible to offer our readers more content with less reading. Try audible for free using the HumpDay link here and enjoy two free audiobooks courtesy of HumpDay!
Have you ever been to a renaissance fair and seen a wooden sign that says “Ye old tavern” or something like that? You may assume that “Ye olde” is just the way people talked back then but its not. The use of the word “Ye” actually stems from one of the worlds very first typos.
The English language that we know and love today is the most popular language in the world with 1.2 billion English speakers. Our alphabet today contains 26 letters, but over time the English alphabet has changed significantly, and it used to contain several different letters that made different sounds. One letter that has been lost to history is the letter known as “Thorn” which looked like the combination of a lowercase b and p combined (bp). Thorn made the “TH” sounds that we use in the words “TH-e” and “TH-ey”. Rather than use two letters (th) like we do today, old English speakers used just one letter.
When the printing press was created by Johannes Gutenberg in Germany circa 1450, printed text became widely distributed across Europe. German printers began translating their texts (mostly the bible) into different languages including English. Problem was that the German language does not use the “th” sound so there was no letter or combination of letters in the German alphabet that could be used to replace the letter “thorn”. Instead of replacing thorn with “TH” the German printers decided to replace it with the letter that most looked like thorn when written out, “Y”. Therefore, English words like “The” and “Thou” were misspelled as “Ye” and “You”. The German printers’ decision to replace thorn with “Y” remained the standard way to write the “Th” sound until it was finally replaced by the two-letter combination of “Th”. Today we still say “You” instead of “Thou” because of this mistake.
Shop owners who read the word “The” as “Ye” in their copies of the bible began putting the incorrectly spelled word on their signs and in their stores. The prevalence of the word “ye” spread across English speaking countries until it went out of fashion. Today we just assume that they intended to spell the word “the” incorrect, but in fact, it was a typo form long ago.
So next time you see “Ye old general store” remember that the “Ye” is still pronounced “the” and that a typo from the 15th century has fooled everyone into thinking that medieval people didn’t know how to spell.
March Madness is now in full swing and lots of buffalo wings are being eaten. Some like it mild, some like it hot but almost no one likes them bland & flavorless (Salt & pepper is a flavor). Some people who like them hot like them really hot, to the point where they start sweating, crying and screaming in pain. Why do those people do that to themselves? In fact, why does anyone eat anything spicy?
Spices come from plants that have built in defense systems to protect themselves from predators. These plants contain chemicals that make them poisonous or undesirable to the small animals that try to eat them. The chemicals inside of spice plants also ward off much smaller predators, fungai and bacteria, which infect plants and destroy them from the inside out. These defensive chemicals aren’t poisonous to humans, but the anti-bacterial qualities of spices have been very helpful in warding off disease since the beginning of humanity.
Back in the caveman days, hunters would kill a 6-ton woolly mammoth and have themselves a feast. Since they couldn’t eat all 12,000 lbs. of meat in one sitting, they set some aside to be eaten later. Problem was, without refrigeration, the meat slowly developed mold and began to rot. Thankfully, our ingenious ancestors discovered spice plants, that they rubbed on their left-over meat to help fight off mold and bacteria. Adding spices to meat allowed cavemen to utilize the anti-bacteria chemicals from the spice plants to prevent their meat from going bad. Keeping meat fresh longer ensured a more regular food supply and gave those who used spices an evolutionary advantage.
Overtime, humans evolved to be more comfortable with spices because they were a vital part of human survival. Generation after generation of our ancestors used spices to survive until it became an acquired taste. Today, we like spicy foods because of an evolutionary trait that was passed down from caveman ancestors who needed spices to survive.
In warmer climates, such as the Caribbean and India, bacteria grew at a faster rate, so they needed to use more spices to fight off the increase in bacteria. In colder climates like England, the cold weather slowed the growth of bacteria, so humans didn’t need to use as many spices to kill the small amount of bacteria. That is why cultures in warmer climates (Like Jamaica & India) tend to like spicier food than cultures from colder climates like (England and Canada).
Don’t be ashamed if you can’t handle the hottest of hot wings, its not your fault. Blame your caveman ancestors for living in cold climates and not passing down the spice eating genes. Enjoy your mild wings with a ton of bleu cheese and wash it down with a glass of milk.
You may have heard the legend of Johnny Appleseed, the American folk hero who walked around America with a pot on his head planting trees and bringing apples to the people of America. Turns out to legend of Johnny Appleseed is true except, instead of being a jolly guy handing out apples, he was a crazy strange man who wandered around helping people get blackout drunk.
The man we know as Johnny Appleseed was born John Chapman in Leominster, MA in 1774. To support his family while his father was fighting in the revolutionary war, John worked as an apprentice orchardist, developing a passion for planting apple trees and harvesting apples. By age 18, John decided to take his orchard planting show on the road and for 40 years he wandered around bringing apple orchards to Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Ontario, Indiana, and Illinois. Although, The apples that he planted weren’t the edible, granny smith like, apples that we imagine. He was actually planting small, sour apples that we call crab apples today. These apples weren’t good for eating or for pies but, they were good for one thing… making moonshine.
In addition to planting apple trees, John built cider presses to create a potent liquor known as Applejack. Applejack was described by the New York Times as a “Wicked and evil spirit” and “Capable of making a man blow up an entire town with a stick of dynamite”. John introduced applejack to new areas on the frontier of America and was instrumental in teaching struggling farmers how to get drunk and forget about their troubles.
John was a strange looking man who definitely looked like a guy who drank moonshine every day. His regular attire included bare feet, capris length pants, a giant coffee sack as a shirt and three hats (a straw hat, a metal pot, and a crown). He wandered from town to town planting apple trees, entertaining children and asking to stay at people’s homes. He was described as a friendly and jolly fellow who was loved by children but the adults who welcomed him into their homes made him sleep in the barn because he was covered in lice.
When he was not sleeping over a stranger’s house, he slept in the woods where, despite bear populations being enormous, he never had trouble with wildlife. On one occasion, he found a wolf pup and nursed it back to health. The wolf pup became his loyal companion as he roamed across the country (Pretty awesome).
The pot on his head was not a helmet but instead it was used to store his one possession, a bible from the church of Swedenborg. The church of Swedenborg is a religion that was created by a Swedish man who believed that god visited him at dinner to tell him to stop eating so much and that heaven is made up of a bunch of normal looking neighborhoods. John Chapman was a devote follower of this obscure religion and would often try unsuccessfully to convert Native Americans and those who let him stay in their homes.
In his time, John Chapman was known all throughout the Northeast and Midwest and people looked at him as a strange but loveable American hero. Over time his excessive drinking, unsightly appearance and obscure religious beliefs were left out of his story and he became the figure of American folklore that he is today.
HumpDay Healthy Helpings
We talked about spices, march madness and classic americana so why not enjoy some healthy buffalo wings?
Calories Per Serving: 160 I Servings: 5 I Cook Time: 1 Hour 45 Min
This Week in History
On this week in history, Jonas Salk announced that he had discovered a cure for Polio, one of the most devastating deceases of the early 20th century. The disease caused those infected, mostly young children, to become paralyzed and eventually die. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was stricken with polio in 1921 and was confined to a wheel chair for the rest of his life. Today, nearly all children in developed countries are vaccinated with Salk’s amazing vaccine and the world is nearly rid of one of the most horrible diseases around.
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